William III of Orange

(1650–1702)
   Stadtholder and English king. In 1672–1675, the five Dutch provincesthat had decided not to take a stadtholder after the death of his father William II in 1650, ap pointed William III to the position of stadtholder. He became the ar chitect of the great coalitions against the French king Louis XIV, for example, the League of Augsburg in 1686 (whose main participants were the Dutch Republic, the Habsburg emperor, Spain, Sweden, Brandenburg, and Savoy). After the Glorious Revolution of 1688–1689 in England, he was offered, on the basis of his marriage to his cousin Mary II Stuart (1662–1694), the English, Scottish, and Irish crowns. Northern Ireland Protestants still admire him because he defeated his Roman Catholic father-in-law James II in the battle of the Boyne (1690). The coalition with Great Britain was only fa vorable for the Dutch Republic in the short term. William’s death meant the extinction of the House of Orange-Nassau in the male line. His inheritance was divided between the Frisian Nassau-Dietz family and the Brandenburg dynasty of the Hohenzollerns.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • William III — (William III of Orange) 1650 1702, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands 1672 1702; king of England 1689 1702, joint ruler with his wife, Mary II. * * * I Dutch Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk born Feb. 19, 1817, Brussels …   Universalium

  • William III — may refer to:* William III of Aquitaine (915–963). * William III of Toulouse (died 1037). * William III of Provence (died after 1037). * William III of Montferrat (970–1042). * William III of Angoulême (1084–1118). * William III of Ponthieu (c.… …   Wikipedia

  • William III — noun King of England and Scotland and Ireland; he married the daughter of James II and was invited by opponents of James II to invade England; when James fled, William III and Mary II were declared joint monarchs (1650 1702) • Syn: ↑William of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • William III — →↑William of Orange, King …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • William III of the Netherlands — Infobox Dutch Royalty|monarch name = William III full name = Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk title = King of the Netherlands; Grand Duke of Luxembourg; Duke of Limburg succession = King of the Netherlands reign = 1849 1890 coronation =… …   Wikipedia

  • William III — /ˈwɪljəm/ (say wilyuhm) noun (Prince of Orange), 1650–1702, king of Great Britain 1689–1702 (successor and nephew of James II, and husband of Mary II). Also, William of Orange …   Australian English dictionary

  • William III — (1650 1702)    King of England; son of William II, Prince of Orange, and Mary, daughter of Charles I of England. In 1677 married Mary, daughter of James II of England. In 1688 on the invitation of a number of leading British statesmen and nobles …   The makers of Canada

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